UPSC Full Form

08 Dec 2020

UPSC Full Form

UPSC Full Form – Eligibility, Age limit, Selection Procedure & Preparation:

Full-Form of UPSC? What is UPSC?

The UPSC full form is Union Public Service Commission. UPSC conducts a National Level Examination for 24 services under the State & Central Government of India. It is a central recruitment agency in India for appointments and examinations for All India Services and Group ‘A’ & Group ‘B’ Civil Services. 

Full form in English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Marathi:

Language UPSC Form form
UPSC Full form in English Union Public Service Commission
Hindi संघ लोक सेवा आयोग
Tamil (யுபிஎஸ்சி) ஒன்றிய அரசுப்பணியாளர் தேர்வாணையம்
Telugu యూనియన్ పబ్లిక్ సర్వీస్ కమిషన్
Malayalam യൂണിയൻ പബ്ലിക് സർവീസ് കമ്മീഷൻ

List of UPSC Services, check the link – UPSC Services List

History of UPSC:

  • Civil Service Commission was set up in 1854 in London and competitive examinations were started in 1855. Initially, the examinations for the Indian Civil Service were conducted only in London. The maximum age was 23 years and the minimum age was 18 years. The syllabus was designed such that European Classics had a predominant share of marks. All this made it difficult for Indian candidates.
  • In 1864, the first Indian, Shri Satyendranath Tagore brother of Shri Rabindranath Tagore succeeded. From 1922 onwards the Indian Civil Service Examination began to be held in India also, first in Allahabad and later in Delhi with the setting up of the Federal Public Service Commission. The Examination in London continued to be conducted by the Civil Service Commission.
  • On October 1, 1926, the Public Service Commission was set up in India for the first time. It consisted of four Members in addition to the Chairman. Sir Ross Barker, a member of the Home Civil Service of the United Kingdom was the first Chairman of the Commission. The Government of India Act, 1935 envisaged a Public Service Commission for the Federation and a Provincial Public Service Commission for each Province or group of Provinces. On 1st April 1937, the Public Service Commission became the Federal Public Service Commission. The Federal Public Service Commission changed to the Union Public Service Commission on January 26, 1950.

Constitutional Provisions of UPSC:

Article 15: Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States.
Article 16: Appointment and term of office of members.
Article 17: Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission.
Article 18: Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission.
Article 19: Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of the Commission on ceasing to be such members.
Article 20: Functions of Public Service Commissions.
Article 21: Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions.
Article 22: Expenses of Public Service Commissions.
Article 23: Reports of Public Service Commissions.

Functions of UPSC:

The functions of the Commission under Article 320 of the Constitution are:

  • Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.
  • Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.
  • Appointment of officers on promotion / deputation / absorption.
  • Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.
  • Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services.
  • Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India.


Age Limit:

The candidate should be a minimum of 21 years and a maximum of 32 years

Upper age relaxation:

  • 5 Years – Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST)
  • 3 Years – Other Backward Classes (OBC)
  • 3 Years – Defence Services personnel
  • 5 Years – ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years Military Service.
  • 5 Years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs
  • 10 Years – Blind, deaf-mute, and orthopedically handicapped persons

Education Qualification:

  • Candidate must have a Bachelor’s Degree from a recognized university/ institution.
  • Candidates who have appeared for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results or those who are yet to appear for the qualifying examination are also eligible for the Preliminary Examination. Such candidates have to produce proof of passing the said examination along with the application for the Main Examination.
  • Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government or its equivalent are also eligible to apply.

No. of attempts: 06

  • For General: 6 attempts (Up to 32 Years)
  • Other Backward Classes (OBC): 9 attempts (Up to 35 Years)
  • SC/ST: No Limits (Up to 37 Years)
  • Physically handicapped: 9 attempts for general and OBC, while unlimited for SC/ST

Selection Procedure for UPSC:

  • Selection based on 3 stages: i. Preliminary Examinations (Objective Type), ii. Main Examination (Written) and iii. Interview (Personality Test)

UPSC Application Link:

  • Candidates can apply online for the UPSC Examinations by accessing the online portal hosted on the UPSC’s website

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