14 Feb 2022

State Government Notes

Samacheer Kalvi State Government Notes:

Samacheer Kalvi Book 10th standard book back 1 mark and 2 mark questions and answers uploaded on this page. State Government Class 10 question and answers PDF available for both English medium 2022. TNPSC Exams Indian Polity Study Materials/Notes PDF for free download. The TNPSC Indian Polity Questions and Answers are Updated on our site. Extra questions and answers on Class 9 Social Science topic Human Rights Solutions/notes for UPSC and other Competitive exams. See below for 10th TNPSC State Government Notes, Questions, and Answers.


TNPSC Indian Polity Study Materials/Notes:

I. Choose the correct answer.

1. The Governor of the State is appointed by the …………..
(a) Prime Minister  (b) Chief Minister  (c) President  (d) Chief Justice

2. The Speaker of a State is a:
(a) Head of State  (b) Head of Government  (c) President’s agent  (d) None of these

3. Which among the following is not one of the powers of the Governor?
(a) Legislative (b) Executiv (c) Judicialn  (d) Diplomatic

4. Who can nominate one representative of the Anglo-Indian Community to the State Legislative Assembly?
(a) The President  (b) The Governor (c) The Chief Minister  (d) the Sneaker of State legislature

5. The Governor does not appoint …………….
(a) Chief Minister   (b) Chairman of the State Public Service Commission   (c) Advocate General of the State
(d) Judges of the High Court

6. The Chief Minister of a State is appointed by:
(a) The State Legislature  (b) The Governor  (c) The President  (d) The Speaker of State Legislative Assembly

7. The State Council of Ministers is headed by …………….
(a) The Chief Minister (b) The Governor  (c) The Speaker  (d) The Prime Minister

8. The Legislative Council:
(a) Has a term of five years  (b) Has a term of six years  (c) Is a permanent house  (d) Has a term of four years

9. The minimum age for the membership of the Legislative Council is ……………
(a) 25 years  (b) 21 years  (c) 30 years  (d) 35 years

10. The members of the Legislative Council are:
(a) Elected by the Legislative Assembly     (b) Mostly nominated
(c) Elected by local bodies, graduates, teachers, Legislative Assembly, etc.
(d) Directly elected by the people

11. Which one of the following States does not possess a bicameral legislature?
(a) Andhra Pradesh   (b) Telangana   (c) Tamil Nadu   (d) Uttar Pradesh

12. The High Courts in India were first started at:
(a) Calcutta, Bombay, Madras   (b) Delhi and Calcutta  (c) Delhi, Calcutta, Madras  (d) Calcutta, Madras, Delhi

13. Which of the following States have a common High Court?
(a) Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh  (b) Kerala and Telangana   (c) Punjab and Haryana   (d) Maharashtra and Gujarat

II. Fill in the Blanks.

1. Governor of the state government surrenders his resignation to …………….
2. Members of the Legislative assembly (MLAs) are elected by the ………….
3. …………….. is the first women Governor of Tamil Nadu.
4. ………….. acts as the chancellor of universities in the state.
5. The Seventh Amendment Act of ………….. authorized the Parliament to establish a common high court for two or more states.
6. The Chairman and Members of the State Public Service Commission can be removed only by the …………….
1. President
2. People
3. M. Fathima Bheevi
4. Governor
5. 1956
6. President

III. Match the Following.

  1. Governor – (a) Head of the Government
  2. Chief Minister – (b) Head of the State
  3. Council of Ministers – (c) Tribunals
  4. MLC      – (d) Responsible for the Assembly
  5. Armed forces   – (e)  Cannot vote for grants

1. (b)
2. (a)
3. (d)
4. (e)
5. (c)

IV. Choose the Correct Statement.

(i) Only some States in India have Legislative Councils.
(ii) Some members of Legislative Councils are nominated.
(iii) Some members of Legislative Councils are directly elected by the people.
(a) ii and iv are correct
(b) iii and iv are correct
(c) i and ii are correct
(d) i, ii, and iii are correct
(c) i and ii are correct

Assertion (A): There are limitations on the Legislative authority of the State Legislature.
Reason (R): Certain bills on the State List can be introduced in the State Legislature only with the President’s approval.
(a) (A) is false but (R) is true
(b) (A) is true but (R) is false
(c) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct reason for (A)
(d) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct reason for (A)
2. (c) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct reason for (A)

V. Answer the following.

1. How does the State of Jammu and Kashmir differ from the other states of India?

  1. The Constitution of India grants special status to Jammu and Kashmir among Indian states.
  2. The constitution of Jammu and Kashmir was adopted on the 17th November 1957 and came into force on 26th January 1957.
  3. It is the only state in India to have a separate constitution.
  4. The Directive Principles of state policy and Fundamental duties are not applicable to Jammu and Kashmir.
  5. The right to property which is denied as a fundamental right to the rest of India is still guaranteed in Jammu and Kashmir.

2. What is the importance of the Governor of a state?
The Governor is the Constitutional Head of the State Executive. The administration of a State is carried on in the name of the Governor. He directly rules a State when there is the imposition of the President’s rule in the State. He is an integral part of the State legislature.

3. What are the qualifications for the appointment of a Governor?

  1. Article 157 and Article 158 of the constitution of India specify the eligibility requirements for the post of Governor. They are:
  2. He should be a citizen of India
  3. He must have completed 35 years of age.
  4. He should not be a member of parliament or of any state legislature.
  5. If he is a member of any of legislature he has to vacate his seat on assuming office.
  6. He should not hold any other profitable occupation.

4. What is the original jurisdiction of the High Court?
In their judicial capacity, the High Courts of the Presidency towns – Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras have both original and appellate jurisdictions, while other High Courts have mostly appellate jurisdiction.
Only in matters of admiralty, probate, matrimonial, and contempt of court, do they have original jurisdiction.

5. What do you understand by the ‘Appellate Jurisdiction’ of the High Court?

  1. As courts of appeal, all High Courts can hear appeals in civil and criminal cases from their subordinate courts as well as on their own.
  2. They cannot exercise Jurisdiction over Tribunals established under the laws relating to Armed Forces of the country.

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