14 Feb 2022

Central Government Questions and Answers

Samacheer Kalvi Class 10 Central Government Notes:

Samacheer Kalvi Book 10th standard book back 1 mark and 2 mark questions and answers uploaded on this page. Central Government Class 10 question and answers PDF available for both English medium 2022. TNPSC Exams Indian Polity Study Materials/Notes PDF for free download. The TNPSC Indian Polity Questions and Answers are Updated on our site. Extra questions and answers on Class 10 Social Science topic Central Government Solutions/notes for UPSC and other Competitive exams. See below for 9th TNPSC Central Government Notes, Questions, and Answers.

TNPSC Indian Polity Study Materials/Notes:

I. Choose the correct answer.

1. The Constitutional Head of the Union is …………..
(a) The President  (b) The Chief Justice  (c) The Prime Minister  (d) Council of Ministers

2. Who is the real executive in a Parliamentary type of government?
(a) Army  (b) The Prime Minister  (c) The President  (d) Judiciary

3. Who among the following decides whether a Bill is a Money Bill or not?
(a) President   (b) Attorney General  (c) Parliamentary Affairs Minister   (d) Speaker of Lok Sabha

4. The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the:
(a) The President  (b) Lok Sabha  (c) The Prime Minister  (d) Rajya Sabha

5. The Joint sittings of Indian Parliament for transacting legislative business are presided over by?
(a) Senior most member of Parliament  (b) Speaker of the Lok Sabha  (c) The President of India   (d) The Chairman of the Rajya Sabha

6. What is the minimum age laid down for a candidate to seek election to the Lok Sabha?
(a) 18 years   (b) 21 years  (c) 25 years  (d) 30 years

7.  The authority to alter the boundaries of the state in India rests with?
(a) The President   (b) The Prime Minister  (c) State Government  (d) Parliament

8. Under which Article the President is vested with the power to proclaim Financial Emergency
(a) Article 352  (b) Article 360  (c) Article 356  (d) Article 365

9. The Chief Justice and other Judges of the Supreme court are appointed by …………….
(a) The President  (b) The Attorney General  (c) The Governor  (d) The Prime Minister

10. Dispute between the States of India comes to the Supreme Court under:
(a) Appellate Jurisdiction  (b) Original Jurisdiction  (c) Advisory Jurisdiction  (d) None of these

11.  If you are elected as the President of India, which of the following decision can you take on your own?
(a) Nominate the leaders of your choice to the council of minister
(b) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses
(c) Select the person you like as Prime Minister
(d) Dismiss a Prime Minister who has a majority in the Lok Sabha

II. Fill in the Blanks.

1. ………….. Bill cannot be introduced in the Parliament without President’s approval.
2. ………….. is the leader of the nation and chief spokesperson of the country.
3. ………….. is the Ex-officio Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha.
4. The President generally nominates two members belonging to the …………. community to the Lok Sabha.
5. ……………. has the right to speak and to take part in the proceedings of both Houses of the Parliament.
6. The Chief Justice and other judges of the Supreme Court hold the office up to the age of ………….. years.
7. ………….. is the Guardian of the Constitution.
8. At present, the Supreme Court consists of ………….. judges including the Chief Justice.
1. Money
2. Prime Minister
3. Vice-President
4. Anglo-Indian
5. Attorney General of India
6. 65
7. Supreme Court
8. 28

III. Choose the Correct Statement.

(i) Total members of the Rajya Sabha is 250.
(ii) The 12 nominated members shall be chosen by the President from amongst persons experience in the field of literature, science, art, or social service.
(iii) The Members of the Rajya Sabha should not be less than 30 years of age.
(iv) The members of the Rajya Sabha are directly elected by the peoples.
(a) ii and iv are correct
(b) iii and iv are correct
(c) i and iv are correct
(d) i, ii and iii are correct
(d) i, ii and iii are correct

(i) The Chief Justice and other judges of the Supreme Court hold the office up to the age of 62 years.
(ii) Judiciary is the third organ of the government.
(iii) The cases involving fundamental rights come under the Appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
(iv) The law declared by Supreme Court is binding on all courts within the territory of India.
(a) ii and iv are correct
(b) iii and iv are correct
(c) i and iv are correct
(d) i, and ii are correct
(a) ii and iv are correct

Assertion (A): The Rajya Sabha is a permanent house and it cannot be dissolved.
Reason (R): One third of the members of Rajya Sabha retire every two years, and new members are elected to fill the seats thus vacated.
(a) (A) is false but R is true
(b) (A) is false but (R) is true
(c) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct reason for( A)
(d) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct reason for (A)
(c) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct reason for (A)

IV. Match the Following.

  1. Article 53  – (a) State Emergency
  2. Article 63  – (b) Int6ernal Emergency
  3. Article 356 – (c) Executive power of president
  4. Article 76   – (d) Office of the Vice President
  5. Article 352 – (e) Office of the Atoorney General

1. (c)
2. (d)
3. (a)
4. (e)
5. (b)

V. Answer the brief questions.

1. How is the President of India elected?
The President is elected by an electoral college with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote.

2. What are the different categories of Ministers at the Union level?
The different categories of Ministers at the Union level are –

  1. Cabinet Ministers
  2. Ministers of States and
  3. Deputy Ministers

3. What is the qualification of Judges of the Supreme Court?

  1. He must be a citizen of India.
  2. He should have worked as a judge of a High court for atleast 5 years.
  3. He should have worked as an advocate of High Court for atleast 10 years.
  4. He is in the opinion of the President a distinguished Jurist.

4. Write a short note on Speaker of the Lok Sabha?
The office of the Speaker occupies an important position in our Parliamentary democracy. He presides over a joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament. He has the power to decide whether a Bill is Money Bill or an ordinary one. The Speaker continues to be in the office even if the Houses dissolved, till a new speaker is elected by the new’ Lok Sabha.

5.  What is Money Bill?

  1. Money Bill in general covers the issue of receipt and spending of money, borrowing by the Government, tax laws and expenditure of the Government and prevention of Black money, etc.
  2. Money Bill can be introduced in the Parliament (the Lok Sabha) Lower House only.

6. List out any two special powers of the Attorney General of India?
(i) The Attorney General of India has the right to speak and to take part in the proceedings of both Houses of the Parliament or their joint sitting and any committee of the Parliament of which he may be named as a member, but without a right to vote.

(ii) In the performance of his official duties, the Attorney General of India has the right of audience ‘ in all Courts in the territory of India.

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