07 Dec 2021

NEET 2022 Chemistry Syllabus

NEET 2022 Chemistry Syllabus: Botony and Zoology with weightage

NEET Chemistry Syllabus has consisted of Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry sections from classes 11th and 12th. The NEET competitions are increasing year by year. So, Candidates want to clearly go through the NEET syllabus before start preparing. NEET Chemistry syllabus covered topics of both 11th and 12th. The detailed and important topics of the NEET 2022 Chemistry syllabus are explained below candidates want to go through the syllabus.

NEET Aspirants click the link below for Exam Pattern, Exam Syllabus, Admit Card, and application details

NEET 2022 Syllabus

NEET aspirants also, check the NEET 2022 Biology Syllabus.

The NEET aspirants also, check the NEET 2022 Physics Syllabus.

NEET Chemistry Syllabus Class 11:

The Detailed NEET Chemistry syllabus in-unit wise,

 Units Topics

Unit I

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Unit II

Structure of Atom

Unit III

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Unit IV

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Unit V

States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

Unit VI


Unit VII



Redox Reactions

Unit IX


Unit X

s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

Unit XI

Some p-Block Elements

Unit XII

Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques



Unit XIV

Environmental Chemistry

NEET chemistry Syllabus 2022

The Detailed Information of NEET Physics Syllabus in chapter-wise:

Unit 1 – Some basic concepts of Chemistry

General Introduction

Importance and Scope of chemistry

Laws of chemical combination

Dalton’s atomic theory:

The concept of elements, atoms, and molecules

Atomic and molecular masses

Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry, and calculations based on stoichiometry

Unit 2 – Structure of Atom Atomic number, isotopes, and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, the concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals
Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles, and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals
Unit 3 – Classification of elements and periodicity in properties Modern periodic law and long term form of the periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements.
Atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence
Unit 4 – Chemical Bonding and molecular structure Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, the polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, the geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals, and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond
Unit 5 – States of matter – Gases and Liquids Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, the role of gas of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s Law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behavior of gases, empirical derivation of the gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds(elementary idea), deviation from ideal behavior, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature

Liquid state

Vapour pressure, viscosity, and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations)


Unit 6 – Thermodynamics

The first law of thermodynamics 

Internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution, and dilution

Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy for the spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.

Third law of thermodynamics

Brief introduction

Unit 7 – Equilibrium Equilibrium in Physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, the law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium

Ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, the concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts(elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)

Unit 8 – Redox reactions Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers
Unit 9 – Hydrogen Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen, hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses, and structure
Unit 10 – s-Block elements(Alkali and alkaline earth metals)

Group 1 and group 2 elements: 

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen, and halogens, use Preparation and properties of some important compounds.

Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydrogen carbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium

Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.

Unit 11 – Some p-block elements

General introduction to p-Block elements 

Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of the first element of the group, Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminum: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies

General 14 elements:

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation of states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behavior of the first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides

Important compounds of silicon and a few uses:

silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates, and zeolites, their uses

Unit 12 – Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques


General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis

Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds.

Electronic displacements in a covalent bond:

Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation

Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond:

Free radicals, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions

Unit 13 – Hydrocarbons


Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion, and pyrolysis


Nomenclature, the structure of double bond(ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition


Nomenclature, the structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides, and water

Aromatic hydrocarbons

Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, Benzene; resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution – Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation, and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity

Unit 14 – Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution 

Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in the atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of the ozone layer, greenhouse effect, and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution

NEET Chemistry Syllabus Class 12:

The NEET Chemistry syllabus in-unit wise 2022,

   Units Topics

Unit I

Solid State

Unit II


Unit III


Unit IV

Chemical Kinetics

Unit V

Surface Chemistry

Unit VI

General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

Unit VII

p-Block Elements


d and f Block Elements

Unit IX

Coordination Compounds

Unit X

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Unit XI

Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers

Unit XII

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids


Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

Unit XIV


Unit XV


Unit XVI

Chemistry in Everyday Life

The Detailed Information of NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2022 in chapter-wise:

Unit 1 – Solid-state

Classification of solids based on different binding forces

Molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators

Unit 2 – Solutions Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties

The relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, the elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor

Unit 3 – Electrochemistry Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry-cell-electrolytic cells and galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion
Unit 4 – Chemical Kinetics Rate of a reaction(average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations, and half-life(only for zero and first-order reactions); concept of collision theory(elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenius equation
Unit 5 – Surface Chemistry


Physisorption, and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: the distinction between true solutions, colloids, and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions – types of emulsions

Unit 6 – General principles and processes of isolation of elements

Principles and methods of extraction

concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic methods and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc, and iron

Unit 7 – p-Block elements

Group 15 elements 

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen(Structure only); Phosphorous-allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorus: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3, PCl5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only)

Group 16 elements 

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides, ozone.

Sulphur – allotropic forms, compounds of sulphur: preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties, and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only)

Group 17 elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structure only)

Group 18 elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

Unit 8 – d and f Block elements General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, color, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4


Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences


Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and comparison with lanthanoids

Unit 9 – Coordination Compounds

Coordination compounds

Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT, CFT; the importance of coordination compounds(in qualitative analysis, biological systems).

Unit 10 – Haloalkanes and Haloarenes


Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation


Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only)

Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT

Unit 11 – Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers


Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol


Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols


Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.

Unit 12 – Aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids

Aldehydes and Ketones

Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, the reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.

Carboxylic acids:

Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses

Unit 13 – Organic compounds containing Nitrogen


Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines

Cyanides and Isocyanides – will be mentioned at relevant places

Diazonium salts 

preparation, chemical reactions, and importance in synthetic organic chemistry

Unit 14 – Biomolecules


Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): the importance


The elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.


Elementary idea (excluding structure)

Vitamins – classification and function

Nucleic acids – DNA and RNA

Unit 15 – Polymers


Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers

Unit 16 – Chemistry in Everyday life

Chemicals in medicines

Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.

Chemicals in food 

Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants

Cleansing agents 

soaps and detergents, cleansing action

NEET Chemistry Subject Wise Weightage:

Physical Chemistry:

Chapter No. of Questions



States of matter






Surface chemistry




Chemical Kinetics


Nuclear Chemistry


Mole concept


Atomic structure


Ionic equilibrium


Organic Chemistry:

Chapter No. of Questions
Some basic principles and techniques 1
Hydrocarbons 4
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 2
Alcohol, Phenol, and Ether 1
Carbonyl compound 3
Amine 2
Biomolecules 1
Polymers 1
Chemistry in Everyday Life 1

Inorganic Chemistry:

   Chapter No. of Questions
Chemical Bonding 5
s-block 2
p-block 3
d and f block 2
Metallurgy 2
Environmental chemistry 1
Coordination chemistry 2


NEET Aspirants also, check the  NEET 2022 Physics Syllabus.


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