12 Feb 2022

TNPSC The Judiciary Notes

Samacheer Kalvi Class 8 The Judiciary Notes:

Samacheer Kalvi Book 8th standard book back 1 mark and 2 mark questions and answers uploaded on this page. The Judiciary for Class 8 question and answers PDF is available for both English medium 2022. TNPSC Exams Indian Polity Study Materials/Notes PDF for free download. The TNPSC Indian Polity Questions and Answers are Updated on our site. Extra questions and answers on Class 8 Social Science topic The Judiciary Solutions/notes for UPSC and other Competitive exams. See below for 8th TNPSC The Judiciary Notes, Questions, and Answers.

TNPSC Indian Polity Study Materials/ Notes:

I. Choose the best answer:

1. The highest and final judicial tribunal of India is-
(a) President  (b) Parliament  (c) Supreme Court   (d) Prime Minister

2. The judicial system provides a mechanism for resolving disputes between-
(a) Citizen  (b) Citizen and the government  (c) Two-State governments  (d) all the above

3. Dispute between the States of India comes to the Supreme Court under-
(a) Original jurisdiction  (b) Appellate jurisdiction  (c) Advisory jurisdiction  (d) none of these

4. Which of the following state/ Union territories have a common High Court?
(a) Punjab and Jammu Kashmir  (b) Assam and Bengal  (c) Panjab, Haryana, and Chandigarh                          (d) Uttar Pradesh and Bihar

5. The System of Public Interest Litigation has been introduced in India by-
(a) Supreme Court   (b) Parliament   (c) Political parties  (d) Constitutional amendments

6. How many courts are there at the apex level in India?
(a) One  (b) Two  (c) Three  (d) Four

7. Supreme court is located at-
(a) Chandigarh  (b) Bombay  (c) Calcuttan  (d) New Delhi

8. FIR means-
(a) First Information Report  (b) First information Result  (c) First Incident Report  (d) None of these

9. The court that hears criminal cases are called-
(a) District court   (b) Sessions court   (c) Family court   (d) Revenue court

10. Fatawa – i – Alamgiri written in ………….
(a) 1670  (b) 1680   (c) 1660  (d) 1690

II. Fill in the Blanks:

1. The ________High Court is the oldest High Court in India.

2. The framers of the Constitution established ________and _______ judiciary in India.

3. _______ a famous French philosopher propounded the idea of an independent judiciary.

4. ________ deals with disputes over money, property and social matters.

5. During ancient times, most of the Kings’ courts dispensed justice according to _______


  1. Calcutta
  2. independent, impartial
  3. Montesquieu
  4. Civil Law
  5. Dharmal

III. Match the following:

  1. Supreme Court – social duties
  2. High Court – speedy justice
  3. Lok Adalat – highest court of appeal
  4. Sir Elijah Impey – highest court in the States
  5. Smiritis – chief justice


  1. Supreme Court – highest court of appeal
  2. High Court – highest court in the States
  3. Lok Adalat – speedy justice
  4. Sir Elijah Impey – chief justice
  5. Smiritis – social duties

IV. State True or False:

  1. The Supreme Court of India was inaugurated on 28th January 1951.
  2. During the Tughlaq period, the code of procedure was written in Arabic.
  3. The Regulating Act of 1773 made provision for the formation of Supreme Court.
  4. Sadar Diwani Adalat was a Criminal court of appeal.
  5. The Allahabad High Court is the largest court in India.
  6. The Constitution of India secures justice to all its citizen.


  1. False
  2. True
  3. True
  4. False
  5. True
  6. True

V. Choose the correct statement:

1. Consider the following statements.

(i) A law commission was set up by Macaulay.
(ii) It codified the Indian Laws.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) (i) only
(b) (ii) only
(c) Both (i) and (ii)
(d) Neither (i) nor (ii)
(c) Both (i) and (ii)

2. Consider the following statements.

(i) An Indian Penal Code was prepared in 1860.
(ii) The Calcutta High Court was established in 1862.
(iii) The Government of India Act, 1935 created Federal Court.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) (i) only
(b) (ii), (iii) only
(c) (i),(iii) only
(d) All the above
(d) All the above

3. Which of the following statement is not true about India’s Supreme Court?
(i) The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of the land.
(ii) It was established by part V under Chapter IV of the Indian Constitution.
(iii) Supreme court cannot transfer cases from one High court to another
(iv) Its decisions are binding on all courts
(a) (i)
(b) (ii)
(c) (iii)
(d) (iv)
(c) iii

4. Assertion (A): The Supreme Court is a Court of Record.
Reason (R): It maintains records of the court proceedings and its decisions are finding upon the lower courts.
(a) A is correct and R is wrong.
(b) Both A and R are Wrong
(c) A is correct and R explains A
(d) A is correct and R does not explain A
(c) A is correct and R explains A

5. Agree or disagree
(a) Every citizen of India can approach the Supreme court.
(b) Rich and powerful people control the judiciary system.
(c) Every citizen has a right to get justice through the courts.
(d) Politicians can not control judges
We agree with a, c, and d. Disagree with b

VI. Answer the following in one or two sentences:

1. Why do we need a judicial system?
We need a judicial system to ensure proper justice to all. It administers justice, settle disputes interprets laws, protects fundamental rights, and acts as a guardian of the constitution.

2. What are the different levels of courts in India?
The different levels of courts in India are

  1. Subordinate Courts.
  2. District Courts.
  3. High Court and
  4. Supreme Court

3. Differentiate Law and Judiciary.
Law: System of rules imposed through a government or institution to govern people
Judiciary: The Judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts that administers justice in the name of the state.

4. Write a note on Lok Adalat.

  1. Lok Adalat was set up to provide speedy justice.
  2. It hears and settles the disputes in the language of the people in the public presence.
  3. A Lok Adalat is presided over by a retired judge along with a lawyer and a social worker.
  4. Cases are put forward without advocates.
  5. The first Lok Adalat was held in 1982 at Junagadh of Gujarat.

5. What are the advantages of mobile courts?
It would create greater awareness about the judicial system among rural masses, cut costs for them, and send justice to their doorstep.

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