09 Feb 2022

TNPSC State Legislature Questions

TNPSC State Legislature Questions and Answer:

TNPSC Indian Polity notes are consist of a lot of topics, in this page, we upload one of the State executive TNPSC Notes, Questions, and Answers. Indian Polity study materials questions and answers, important articles, and PDF materials for TNPSC aspirants in English are provided on our site. TNPSC Indian Polity Notes/Study Materials PDF is very important to get 08 to 10 Marks in TNPSC Group 1, 2, 2A, and CCSE 4. Candidates who prepared for TNPSC exams kindly go through the Indian polity syllabus for the high scores. TNPSC Questions and notes on State Legislature are provided on this page.

TNPSC Notes for State Legislature:

  • The Constitution provides a legislature for every state. Most of the States have only a unicameral legislature i.e., a Legislative assembly.
  • Some State has bicameral legislatures (for example Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana).
  • The lower house, legislative assembly represents the people of the state the upper house; Legislative Council represents special interests like teachers, graduates, and local governments.

Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly:

  • In Tamil Nadu, according to the strength of the Legislative Assembly (234 members), the number of ministers may be up to 36, i.e. 15 percent of 234.

The Legislative Assembly (Lower House):

  • The Legislative Assembly is a popular house. It is the real center of power in the State. It consists of members directly elected by the people on the basis of adult franchise.
  • The strength of the Assembly varies from State to State depending on the population. However, the maximum strength of the Assembly must not exceed 500, or its minimum strength not be below 60.
  • The term of office of the legislative assembly is 5 years. It can be dissolved even before the expiry of its term.
  • The size of the Legislative Council cannot be more than one-third of the membership of the Legislative Assembly (lower house) of that state. But its size cannot be less than 40.

Composition:

  • The Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu consists of 235 members out of which 234 members are directly elected by the people from the constituencies on the basis of adult franchise and one member is nominated by the Governor from the Anglo-Indian community.

Cabinet and Cabinet Committees:

  • A smaller body called Cabinet is the nucleus of the council of ministers. It consists of only the cabinet ministers. It is the real center of authority in the state government.
  • The cabinet works through various committees called cabinet committees. They are of two types – standing and ad hoc. The former is of a permanent nature while the latter is of a temporary nature.

The Speaker:

  • The Legislative Assembly elects two of its members as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker. The speaker may be removed from office by a resolution of the Assembly after giving a 14 days’ notice.
  • Such a resolution must be passed by a majority of the members present at the time of voting. The speaker does not vacate his office when the Assembly is dissolved. He continues to be the Speaker until the first sitting. of the new Assembly. While the office of the speaker is vacant, the Deputy Speaker performs his functions.

The Legislative Council (Upper House):

  • The Legislative Council is the upper House of the State Legislature. The Vidhan Parishads (Legislative Council) forms a part of the state legislatures of India.
  • In Six of India’s 28 states, the Legislative Council serves as the indirectly-elected upper house of a bicameral legislature. It is also a permanent house because it cannot be dissolved.
  • Every Member of Legislative Council (MLC) serves for a six-year term, with terms staggered so that the terms of one-third of members expire every two years.
  • MLCs must be citizens of India not under 30 years of age, mentally sound and their name should be in the voter’s list of the state from which he or she is contesting the election.

Note: The Tamil Nadu Legislative Council was abolished by Tamil Nadu Legislative Council (Abolition) Bill, 1986. The Act came into force on the 1st of November 1986.

Election to Legislative Council:

  • 1/3 of the members are elected by local bodies.
  • 1/12 of the members are elected by Graduates of the universities in the State.
  • 1 /12 of the members are elected by Graduate teachers.
  • 1/3 of the members are elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly.
  • 1/6 is nominated by the Governor who is eminent in the field of literary excellence, art, social services, or Cooperation.

The Chairman:

  • The Chairman (chairperson he/she) is the Presiding Officer of the Upper house. The Members elect a Chairman and a deputy chairman from among themselves.
  • In the absence of the chairman, the deputy chairman officiate the functions of the Legislative Council.

Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils:

  • Article 169 deals with the creation or abolition of the Legislative Council in a State.
  • Article 169 holds that if the state Legislative Assembly passes a resolution by a majority of not less than 2/3rd of the members present and voting and by the majority of the total strength of the House, requesting the Parliament to create or abolish the state Legislative council then the Parliament may by law provide for the abolition and creation of the Legislative Council
  • There are 28 state governments in our country. Every state has a government to run its own administration.
  • The Constitution provides for the post of the Governor as the Head of a State in India.
  • The Chief Minister plays an important role in making higher appointments of the State Government.
  • The people who make the laws of a state government are called ‘members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).
  • The High court stands at the apex of the State As per the constitution there shall be a High Court in each state.

Legislative Assembly:

  • The people who make the laws of a state government are called ‘Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). MLAs are chosen from different constituencies. For the election of MLAs, the entire state is divided into different constituencies. These constituencies are called the legislative constituencies. One legislative constituency may have one lakh or even more people. One MLA is chosen from each legislative constituency to represent that legislative assembly.

The State  Council of Ministers:

  • The leader of the majority party in the election is chosen as Chief Minister. In Tamil Nadu, there are 234 legislative constituencies.
  • The party with more than 118 elected candidates (MLA) is invited by the governor to form the Government. The Chief Minister (who also should be an MLA) chooses his ministers from the MLAs of his party.
  • Ministers for various departments headed by the Chief Minister are called the State Government. So it is said that the party which got majority seats in the election forms the government.

This is how  a bill becomes  an Act:

  1. A bill is presented in the Legislative Assembly.
  2. Debates and discussions take place on it.
  3. Changes can be made to the bill.
  4. If more than half of the MLA’s vote in favour of the Bill, it is said to be passed.
  5. The bill needs to get the assent of the Governor to become an Act.

The State legislature follows the same procedure for passing an ordinary or a money bill like that of the Parliament. In-State legislatures also, the Legislative Assembly which is the lower house is more powerful than the Legislative Council which is the upper house.

Note:

  • At present, only six states in India have Legislative Council in their legislature. They are Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana.

State Legislature TNPSC Questions:

Choose the Correct Answer:

1. The Governor of a state is appointed by

a) President b) Vice President c) Prime Minister d) Chief Minister

2. To be the Governor, a person must have completed ______ years of age.
(a) 25 (b) 35  (c) 21  (d) 40

3. The State Council Ministers is headed by

a) The Governor b) Chief Minister c) Speaker d) Home Minister

4. The members of the legislative council are elected for a term of ______ years.
(a) 6 (b) 5 (c) 2 (d) 4

5. Who can summon and prorogue the sessions of the State legislature?

a) Home Minister b) President c) Speaker d) The Governor

6. Who does not participate in the appointment of the High Court Judge?

a) Governor b) Chief Minister c) Chief Justice of the High Court d) President of India

7. The age of retirement of the Judges of the High Court is

a) 62 b) 64 c) 65   d) 58

8. The Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu located at ______
(a) Madurai   (b) Salem   (c) Chennai  (d) Coimbatore

9. Before the expiry of the full term of the Governor, the _____ can dismiss him.
(a) Chief Minister  (b) Vice – president  (c) President  (d) Speaker

10. As per our constitution, the strength of the Legislative council must not be less than _____
(a) 25  (b) 30  (c) 40   (d) 35

II Fill in the blanks:

1. ________ States are there in India at present.

2. The tenure of the Governor is normally ________ years.

3. The District Judges are appointed by ________

4. The Governor is the ________ Head of the State.

5. Minimum age to become an MLA is ____ years.

Answer:

  1. 29
  2. Five
  3. The Governor
  4. Constitutional
  5. 25

III Match the following:

1. Governor Lower     –   a. House

2. Chief Minister        –   b.Nominal Head

3. Legislative Assembly –   c.Upper House

4. Legislative Council     –    d. Real Head

Answer:

  1. d
  2. b
  3. a
  4. c

IV State true or false:

1. Chief Minister is the chief administrator of the State.

Ans: True

2. The Governor nominates two members of the Anglo- Indian Community to Legislative Assembly.

Answer: False
Correct statement:
The Governor nominates one member of the Anglo- Indian Community to Legislative Assembly

3. The number of judges in the High Courts is not uniform and fixed.

Answer:  True

V Choose the correct statement

1. The State Legislative Assembly participates in the election of

i) President

ii) Vice–President

iii) Rajya Sabha members

iv) Members of the Legislative Council of the State

a) i, ii & iii are Correct

b) i & iii are Correct

c) i, iii & iv are correct

d) i, ii , iii & iv are correct

Click Here for Local government Study Materials – Local government Notes/Questions

Click Here for Complete TNPSC Indian Polity Study Materials –  Indian Polity Study Materials/Notes

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *