10 Feb 2022

TNPSC Parliament of India Notes

TNPSC Group 2 Parliament of India Questions and Answer:

TNPSC Indian Polity notes are consist of a lot of topics, in this page, we upload one of the Parliament of India’s TNPSC Notes, Questions, and Answers. Indian Polity study materials questions and answers, important articles, and PDF materials for TNPSC aspirants in English are provided on our site. The Parliament of India notes from the Samacheer Kalvi Class 8, Social Science books for Indian Polity are provided on this page. Candidates who prepared for TNPSC exams kindly go through the Indian polity syllabus for the high scores.

Parliament of India Questions and Answers:

The parliament is the legislative organ of the Union government. The Parliament of India consists of three parts they are,

  1. President
  2. Rajya Sabha (the Council of States)
  3. Lok Sabha (the House of the People)

The Rajya Sabha is the Upper House and the Lok Sabha is the Lower House it is termed as a bicameral legislature.

Rajya Sabha:

  • The council of State or Rajya Sabha consists of 250 members out of whom 238 represent the states and the Union Territories, elected by the method of indirect election.
  • The 12 nominated members shall be chosen by the President from amongst persons having ‘special knowledge or practical experience in the field of literature, science, sports, art and social service.

Qualification of the Members:

  •  He should be a citizen of India.
  •  He should not be less than 30 years of age.
  •  He should not hold any office of profit under any Government.
  •  He should be a person with a sound mind and monetarily solvent.
  •  He should not be a member of Lok Sabha or any other legislature.

Term of House:

  • The Rajya Sabha is a permanent house and it cannot be dissolved. The members of the Rajya Sabha are elected for a term of six years.
  • One-third of the members of Rajya Sabha retire every two years, and new members are elected to fill the seats thus vacated.
  • The Vice President of India is the Ex-officio Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. The Deputy Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha is elected by the members of the Rajya Sabha.

Money Bill:

  • Rajya Sabha does not have any power to amend or reject the Money bill. Lok Sabha can only introduce the Money bill and once it is approved by the Lok Sabha, it is passed to Rajya Sabha for its approval.
  • If Rajya Sabha fails to pass it within 14 days then the bill gets passed without the approval of Rajya Sabha.
  • Also, Lok Sabha does not need to consider the amendments proposed by the Rajya Sabha. Lok Sabha can reject all the proposals and pass them.


  • Members of Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of the ‘State Legislative Assemblies in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. This process of election is called “indirect election” as they are not elected by the people directly.

Lok Sabha:

  • The Lok Sabha is the popular house of the Indian Parliament and contains elected representatives of the people.
  • The maximum number of members who can be elected for Lok Sabha is 552. The Lok Sabha as of today has 543 elected members.
  • Out of these, 530 members are elected from different states and 13 members from the Union Territories. The President generally nominates two members belonging to the Anglo-Indian community. At present, the Lok Sabha consists of 545 members.

Qualification of the Members:

  •  He should be a citizen of India.
  •  He should not be less than 25 years of age.
  •  He should have his name in electoral rolls in some part of the country.
  •  He should not hold any office of profit under the Union or State Government.
  •  He should be mentally sound and economically solvent.

The term of the House:

  • Generally, the Lok Sabha enjoys a term of five years from the date of its first session. It can be dissolved by the President before the expiry of its term on the advice of the Prime Minister.
  • The emergency provisions of the Constitution enable the President to prorogue or dissolve the Lok Sabha either on the advice of the Prime Minister or on being convinced that no party or no alliance of parties enjoys necessary majority support in the House.


  • The members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by the people of the constituencies created on the basis of population.
  • The Election Commission of India arranges, supervises, and conducts elections to the Lok Sabha. “Universal Adult Franchise” is followed while electing the members of the Lok Sabha. All Indian Citizens above 18 years of age who are registered as voters will vote for their representatives.

Functions of the Lok Sabha:

  • Any bill can be introduced and passed in the Lok sabha (Including Money Bill).
  • It has the same power as Rajya Sabha to participate in the case of impeachment of the president and the judges of the Supreme Court.
  • It has equal power as Rajya Sabha in passing any bill for the constitutional amendment.

Elected members of the Parliament from Tamil Nadu.

  1.   Rajya Sabha – 18 members
  2.  Lok Sabha – 39 members

The Speaker:

  • The Lok Sabha is presided over by the ‘speaker’ who is elected by its members.
  • The office of the Speaker occupies an essential position in our Parliamentary democracy. The Speaker continues to be in the office even in the houses dissolved, till a new Speaker is elected by the new Lok Sabha.
  • The Speaker presides over a joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament. He has the power to decide whether a Bill is Money Bill or an ordinary one.
  • While the office of Speaker is vacant or the Speaker is absent from the sitting of the house, the deputy speaker presides, except when a resolution for his own removal is under consideration.

Parliament Session:

There are three sessions in the parliament, they are

  • Budget Session  –  February to May
  • Monsoon Session – July to September
  • Winter Session – November to December

Powers and Functions of the Parliament:

  • The Parliament of India has the functions of Legislation, overseeing of administration, passing of Budget, ventilation of public grievances, discussion of various subjects like development plans, international relations, and internal policies.
  • Parliament is also vested with powers to impeach the President and to remove Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts, Chief Election Commissioner and Comptroller and Auditor-General of India in accordance with the procedure laid down in the Constitution.
  • The Parliament has the power to change the boundaries of the States.

Parliament in India questions and answers:

I. Choose the Correct Answer:

1. The Constitutional Head of the Union is.

a. The President b) The Chief Justice c) The Prime Minister d)   Council of Ministers

2. Who among the following decides whether a Bill is a Money Bill or not?

a. The President b) Attorney General c) Parliamentary Affairs Minister d) Speaker of Lok Sabha

3. The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible for the.

a. The President  b) Lok Sabha c) The Prime Minister  d)  Rajya Sabha

4. What is the minimum age laid down for a candidate to seek election to the Lok Sabha?

a. 18 years   b.) 21 years   c) 25 years   d)  30 years

5. The authority to alter the boundaries of the state in India rests with?

a. The President  b) The Prime Minister   c) State Government   d) Parliament

6. Under which Article the President is vested with the power to proclaim Financial Emergency.

a. Article 352   b) Article 360   c) Article 356  d)  Article 365

7. The Chief Justice and other Judges of the Supreme court are appointed by

a)The Presiden    b) The Attorney General      C)The Governor        d) The Prime Minister

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. _________Bill cannot be introduced in the Parliament without President’s Ans: Money

2. __________ is the leader of the nation and chief spokesperson of the country.

Ans:  Prime Minister

3.          is the Ex-officio Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. Ans: Vice-President

4. _____ has the right to speak and to take part in the proceedings of both Houses of Parliament.

Ans: Attorney General

5. The Chief Justice and other judges of the Supreme Court hold the office up to the age of  Ans: 65

6.                is the Guardian of the Constitution.   Ans: Supreme Court

7. At present, the Supreme Court consists of _________judges including the chief  justice.  Ans: 34

III. Choose the Correct Statement:

1. i) Total members of the Rajya Sabha are 250.

ii.) The 12 nominated members shall be chosen by the President from amongst person experience in the field of literature, science, art, or social service.

iii.) The Members of the Rajya Sabha should not be less than 30 years of age.

iv.) The members of the Rajya Sabha are directly elected by the people.

a) ii & iv are correct b) iii & iv are correct   c) i & iv are correct d) i, ii & iii are correct

Ans: d) i, ii & iii are correct

2.  i) The Chief Justice and other judges of the Supreme Court hold the office up to the age of 62 years.

ii.)Judiciary is the third organ of the government.

iii.)The cases involving fundamental rights come under the Appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

iv.)The law declared by Supreme Court is binding on all courts within the territory of India.

a) ii & iv are correct   b) iii & iv are correct   c) i & iv are correct d)   i & ii are correct

Ans: a) ii & iv are correct

IV. Match the following:

  1. Article 53 – a). State Emergency
  2. Article 63 – b). Internal Emergency
  3. Article 356 – c). Executive power of President
  4. Article 76 – d). Office of the Vice President
  5. Article 352 – e). Office of the Attorney General

Ans: 1. c; 2. d; 3. a; 4. e; 5. b


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