09 Mar 2022

TNPSC Indian Economy – Finance Commission

TNPSC Indian Economy – Finance Commission:

Indian Economics questions are more important for the TNPSC Group 2 Prelims Exam. You will get 6 t0 8 marks from that Indian Economy portion. On this page, TNPSC Group 2, 2a, and Group 4 TNPSC Indian Economy Study Materials questions with answers are uploaded. Go through TNPSC Indian Economy Notes, Questions, and Answers below for the prelims exam.

Students who are preparing for the Group exam concentrate more on the maths part. you will easily score more marks in the Economics part. For students’ benefit, we upload TNPSC Indian Economy English and Tamil questions and answers in PDF for download. TNPSC aspirants can download and use it for the group prelims exam. kindly download TNPSC Indian Economy PDF given below:

History of Finance Commission:

  • The finance commission is a quasi-judicial body set up under Article 280 of the Indian Constitution. It was established in the year 1951, to define the fiscal relationship framework between the Centre and the state.
  • Finance Commission aims to reduce the fiscal imbalances between the center and the states (Vertical imbalance) and also between the
    states (horizontal imbalance). It promotes inclusiveness.
  • A Finance Commission is set up once every 5 years. It is normally constituted two years before the period. It is a temporary Body.
  • The 14th Finance Commission was set up in 2013. Its recommendations were valid for the period from 1st April 2015 to 31st March 2020.
  • The 15th Finance Commission has been set up in November 2017. Its recommendations will be implemented starting 1 April 2020.

Indian Economy - Financial commission

Functions of Finance Commission of India:

Article 280 (3) speaks about the functions of the Finance Commission. The Article states that it shall be the duty of the Commission to make the recommendations to the President as to:

1. The distribution between the Union and the States of the net proceeds of taxes, which may be divided between them and the allocation among the states of the respective shares of such proceeds;

2. To determine the quantum of grants-in-aid to be given by the Centre to states  [Article 275 (1)] and to evolve the principles governing the eligibility of the state for such grant-in-aid;

  1. Article 280 of the Constitution mandates the finance committee to recommend the distribution of the net proceeds of taxes between the Centre and the states every five years.
  2. 15th Finance Commission’s recommendations on tax sharing between Centre and States are to kick in from April 2020.

3. Any other matter referred to the Commission by the President of India in the interest of sound finance. Several issues like debt relief, financing of calamity relief of states, additional excise duties, etc. have been referred to the Commission invoking this clause.

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