08 Feb 2022

TNPSC Fundamental Rights Notes

TNPSC Group 2 Fundamental Rights Notes Questions and Answer:

TNPSC Indian Polity notes are consist of a lot of topics, in this page, we upload one of the Fundamental Rights TNPSC Notes, Questions, and Answers for Competitive exams. Indian Polity study materials questions and answers, important articles, and PDF materials for TNPSC aspirants in English are provided on our site. Candidates who prepared for TNPSC exams kindly go through the Indian polity syllabus for the high scores. The candidates should know the importance of the Fundamental Rights Notes in the Indian Polity topic.

Fundamental Rights:

The Fundamental Rights are enshrined in Part III of the Constitution from Articles 12 to 35. In this regard, the framers of the Constitution derived inspiration from the Constitution of the USA.

Originally, the Constitution provided for seven Fundamental Rights. At present, there are only six Fundamental Rights. Part III of the Constitution is rightly described as the Magna Carta of India. While Fundamental Rights are available to all persons, certain Fundamental
Rights are available only to Indian Citizens.

List of Fundamental Rights:

I. Right to Equality: 

Art. 14 – Equality before law.
Art. 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
Art. 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
Art. 17 – Abolition of Untouchability.
Art. 18 – Abolition of titles except military and academic.


Art. 19 – Freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association, movement, residence, and profession.
Art. 20 – Protection in respect of conviction for offenses.
Art. 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty.
Art. 21A – Right to elementary education.
Art. 22 – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.


Art. 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor.
Art. 24 – Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.


Art. 25 – Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion.
Art. 26 – Freedom to manage religious affairs.
Art. 27 – Freedom from payment of taxes for promotion of any religion.
Art. 28 – Freedom from attending religious instruction or worship in certain educational institutions.


Art. 29 – Protection of language, script, and culture of minorities.
Art. 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.


Art. 32 – It allows individuals to seek redressal for the violation of their fundamental rights.

Do you Know?

Right to Property (Art. 31) was deleted from the list of Fundamental Rights by the 44th Amendment Act, 1978. It is made a legal right under Article 300-A in Part XII of the Constitution.

Fundamental Rights Questions and Answers for TNPSC Exams:

1. By which amendment the “Right to property” was removed from the fundamental rights?

a) 44th Amendment  b) 32nd Amendment  c) 43rd Amendment  d) 42nd Amendment

 2. By which amendment the Tamil Nadu Reservation Act of 1994 was included in the 9th Schedule of the Constitution of India?

a) 76th Amendment   b) 78th Amendment  c) 77th Amendment   d) 79th Amendment

3. The concept of ‘Judicial Review’ was borrowed from

a) UK Constitution b) USA Constitution  c) Weimer Constitution of Germany  d) Canadian Constitution

4. Who was the Prime Minister of India when the government implemented the recommendations of the Mandal Commission paving way for the reservation of 27% of the posts under the Government of India for the Other Backward Classes?

a) Mr. Rajiv Gandhi   b) Mr. Moraji Desai   c) Mr. V.P. Singh  d) Mr. Chandrasekar

5. “Political democracy cannot last unless there lies at the base of it social democracy which means a way of life which recognizes liberty, Equality, and Fraternity as the principles of life”. Who said this?

a) Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru   b) Periyar E.V. Ramasamy   c) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar   d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

6. When did India adopt the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights-1966?

a) 1950   b) 1966   c) 1979    d) 1969

7. According to A.K. Gopalan Vs. State of Madras case which of the following Act was challenged as invalid?

a) Madras land Reform Act 1961  b) Preventive Detention Act 1950  c) Kerala Agrarian reform Act 1961

d) Madras Devadasis (Prevention of Dedication) Act 1947

8. Which part of the Indian Constitution contains Fundamental Rights?

a) Part I   b) Part II   c) Part III   d) Part IV

9. How many fundamental freedoms are guaranteed by Article 19 of the Indian Constitution?

a) 7   b) 6   c) 8   d) 9

10. Fundamental Rights with certain exceptions under the Indian Constitution can be suspended during

a) General Elections  b) State Emergency  c) National Emergency  d) Financial Emergency

11. Which of the following fundamental rights was converted as legal rights?

(A) Right to Equality  (B) Right to Freedom  (C) Right to Religion  (D) Right to Property

Click Here for Fundamental duties  Study Materials – Fundamental duties

Click Here for Complete TNPSC Indian Polity Study Materials –  Indian Polity Study Materials/Notes

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