## 10th Maths Book Back Question and Answers – Chapter 3 Exercise 3.14:

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### Samacheer Kalvi 10th Maths Book Back Answers – Ex 3.14 Algebra

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#### Exercise 3.14 Algebra

1. Write each of the following expressions in terms of α + β and αβ.

Solution:

2.The roots of the equation 2x2 – 7x + 5 = 0 are α and β. Without solving the root find

Solution:
2x2 – 7x + 5 = x2 – 72x+52 = 0
α + β = 72
αβ = 52

3.The roots of the equation x2 + 6x – 4 = 0 are α, β. Find the quadratic equation whose roots are
(i) α2 and β2
(ii) 2α and 2β
(iii) α2β and β2α
Solution:
If the roots are given, the quadratic equation is x2 – (sum of the roots) x + product the roots = 0.
For the given equation.
x2 + 6x – 4 = 0
α + β = -6
αβ = -4
(i) α2 + β2 = (α + β)2 – 2αβ
= (-6)2 – 2(-4) = 36 + 8 = 44
α2β2 = (αβ)2 = (-4)2 = 16
∴ The required equation is x2 – 44x – 16 = 0.

(iii) α2β + β2α = αβ(α + β)
= -4(-6) = 24
α2β × β2α = α3β3 = (αβ)3 = (-4)3 = -64
∴ The required equation = x2 – 24x – 64 – 0.

4.If α, β are the roots of 7x2 + ax + 2 = 0 and if β – α = −137 Find the values of a.
Solution:

5.If one root of the equation 2y2 – ay + 64 = 0 is twice the other then find the values of a.
Solution:
Let one of the root α = 2β
α + β = 2β + β = 3β
Given

a2 = 576
a = 24, -24

6. If one root of the equation 3x2 + kx + 81 = 0 (having real roots) is the square of the other then find k.
Solution:
3x2 + kx + 81 = 0
Let the roots be α and α2